The town of Kakamas, situated 41km west of Keimoes, was born out of the farms Kakamas, Zoetap and Neus when the government of the then Cape Colony decided in 1893 to reserve land on the banks of the Orange River for the Dutch Reform Church to estasblish a "labour colony" for "poor white" farmers who had become destitute after the drought of 1895 to 1897 and the outbreak of rinderpest among local cattle in 1896. It was decided to concentrate on irrigation farming and the first settlers arrived in Neus in 1898. The first manager of the settlement was the founder of Upington in 1871, the Reverend Christiaan Schroeder. With the help of an assistant, Japie Lutz, he designed and build most of the early irrigation systems.
The Kakamas township was established in 1931 and an 80km railwayline from Upington was completed in 1926. The name itself is shrouded in mystery, with the most likely explanation being that it is derived from the Koranna Khoe words for "poor grazing".
Kakamas produces sultanas, grapes, lucerne, legumes (beans, lentils and peas), cotton, wheat and vegetables, but the settlement is best known for the yellow clingstone peach used for canning - the Kakamas or Collins peach.
The Main Attractions are:
* Augrabies National Falls
The Augrabies falls derived their name from the Khoi word meaning "place of great noise". At the falls the Orange River thunders through a ravine to fall into a sheer granite pool 56 meters below. it is situated about 40km from Kakamas on the road to Pofadder in the Namaqualand.
* Egyptian-styled Hydroelectric Power Station
The old hydro-electric power station was build in 1913 for a mill that produced flour, balanced cattle feed and split peas.
* Water-wheels (Persian wheels / bakkiespompe)
Several Persian wheels are still in operation on the irrigation canals, especially along Voortrekker Street. Based on an ancient Egyptian design, these water-wheels were build by a local man, Piet Burger.
* German war graves
The graves of German soldiers killed in a 1915 clash with South African troops lie at the foot of a low hill.
* Irrigation tunnels
Build by Cornish miners, the tunnels can be seen outside of Kakamas.